Pretty et al. (2011) describe sustainable intensification as “……producing more output from the same area of land while reducing the negative environmental impacts and at the same time increasing contributions to natural capital and the flow of environmental services” and articulate seven key components of successful sustainable intensification, which in summary are:
- science and farmer inputs into technologies and practices that combine crops–animals with agroecological and agronomic management;
- creation of novel social infrastructure that builds trust among individuals and agencies;
- improvement of farmer knowledge and capacity through the use of farmer field schools and modern information and communication technologies;
- engagement with the private sector for supply of goods and services;
- a focus on women’s educational, microfinance and agricultural technology needs;
- ensuring the availability of microfinance and rural banking;
- ensuring public sector support for agriculture.